Indians in Guizhou
The area was first organized as an administrative region of a Chinese empire under the Tang, when it was named Juzhou (矩州), pronounced Kjú-jyuw in the Middle Chinese of the period. During the Mongolian Yuan dynasty, the character 矩 (ju, “carpenter’s square”) was changed to the more refined 貴 (gui, “precious or expensive”).The region formally became a province in 1413, with an eponymous capital then also called “Guizhou” but now known as Guiyang.
Area: 176,167 km²
Divisions: 9 prefectures, 88 counties, 1539 townships
HDI (2010): 0.598 (medium) (30th)
From around 1046 BCE to the emergence of the Qin Dynasty, northwest Guizhou was part of the State of Shu. During the Warring States period, the Chinese state of Chu conquered the area, and control later passed to the Dian Kingdom. During the Chinese Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE), to which the Dian was tributary, Guizhou was home to the Yelang collection of tribes, which largely governed themselves before the Han consolidated control in the southwest and established the Lingnan province. During the Three Kingdoms period, parts of Guizhou were governed by the Shu Han state based in Sichuan, followed by Cao Wei (220–265) and the Jin Dynasty (265–420).
Guizhou is a relatively poor and economically undeveloped province, but rich in natural, cultural and environmental resources. Its nominal GDP for 2012 was 680.22 billion yuan (107.758 billion USD). Its per capita GDP of RMB 19,566 (3,100 USD) is the lowest in China.
Its natural industry includes timber and forestry. Guizhou is also the third largest producer of tobacco in China, and home to the well-known brand Guizhou Tobacco. Other important industries in the province include energy (electricity generation) – a large portion of which is exported to Guangdong and other provinces – and mining, especially in coal, limestone, arsenic, gypsum, and oil shale. Guizhou’s total output of coal was 118 million tons in 2008, a 7% growth from the previous year. Guizhou’s export of power to Guangdong equaled 12% of Guangdong’s total power consumption. Over the next 5 years Guizhou hopes to increase this by as much as 50%.
Guizhou Guide Map
Located in southwest China, this province adjoins Sichuan and Chongqing to the north, Yunnan to the west, Guangxi to the south and Hunan to the east. It is a picturesque place with abundant natural and cultural scenic spots. Many Chinese ethnic minorities have been living on this land for centuries. Visitors to that area can not only appreciate various attractions, but also discover the rich and distinctive folk customs and cultures of the different ethnic groups.